HYPERBARIC CHAMBER FACTS

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is an evidence-based medical treatment demonstrated to speed up healing and reduce the severity of wounds and infections in less time – among patients who complete the treatment recommended by their physicians, the rate of healing ranges is greater than 85 percent.

It is a medical treatment where the patient breathes 100% oxygen under pressure in a pressurized chamber. We normally only breathe 21% oxygen in our atmosphere. The oxygen is pushed into the plasma, lymphatics, distal tissue, and it creates the bodies capabilities to create angiogenesis which is the formation of new blood vessels which in turn bring more blood and healing factors to an idea that is hypoxic which has miraculous effects on healing.

HBOT is used to treat many different health conditions including:

  • Post-surgery wounds
  • Injury from crushing
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning
  • Cyanide poisoning
  • Gas gangrene, a form of gangrene in which gas collects in tissues
  • Decompression sickness
  • Sudden or traumatic inadequate blood flow in the arteries
  • Select wound healing
  • Skin grafts and flaps
  • Infection in a bone called osteomyelitis
  • Delayed radiation injury
  • Flesh-eating disease called necrotizing bacterial soft tissue infections
  • Air or gas bubble trapped in a blood vessel. This is known as an air or gas embolism.
  • Long-term (chronic) infection called actinomycosis
  • Diabetic wounds that are not healing properly

A new study indicates that hyperbaric oxygen treatments (HBOT) in healthy aging adults can stop the aging of blood cells and reverse the aging process. In the biological sense, the adults’ blood cells actually grow younger as the treatments progress.

Hyperbaric oxygen chamber therapy sessions last one to two hours and are generally scheduled once a day, five days a week. Your doctor may prescribe 30 or more treatments before the therapy is complete. How many treatments you have is often dependent on how quickly your condition improves.

Should I sleep in a hyperbaric chamber? No, you don’t have to spend a full night sleeping in a hyperbaric chamber. Some athletes and celebrities have reported sleeping full nights in a hyperbaric chamber. But to see the benefits of HBO therapy, you only need around 2 hours at an absolute atmosphere (ATA) of 1.5 to 3.

Generally, though, anyone who needs oxygen treatment should consider committing to at least a couple of sessions per week as a bare minimum. Many patients see great results with one treatment per day for five days, up to 20-40 treatments total.

References

HBOT preventing and reducing injury

The potential benefits for sports injuries appear to be a blunting of initial injury, possibly by controlling the neutrophil adhesion and release of oxygen free radicals as well as an enhancement of healing processes requiring oxygen-like collagen formation phagocytosis.

Staples J, Clement D. Hyperbaric oxygen chambers and the treatment of sports injuries. Sports Med. 1996 Oct;22(4):219-27. doi: 10.2165/00007256-199622040-00002. PMID: 8898456.

HBOT helping to recovery from knee injuries.  Very good review of possible effects of HBOT.

Here, we review important mechanisms of action for HBOT-induced healing including the induction of angiogenesis, modulation of inflammation and extracellular matrix components, and activation of parenchyma cells—key events to restore knee function after injury.

Leite CBG, Tavares LP, Leite MS, Demange MK. Revisiting the role of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in knee injuries: Potential benefits and mechanisms. J Cell Physiol. 2023 Jan 17. doi: 10.1002/jcp.30947. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36649313.

HBOT and the immune system.  There is some modern thought that the satellite cell activation is going to be key to understand many of HBOT effects.  There are many preventative effects of HBOT listed in manuscript.

Oyaizu T, Enomoto M, Yamamoto N, Tsuji K, Horie M, Muneta T, Sekiya I, Okawa A, Yagishita K. Hyperbaric oxygen reduces inflammation, oxygenates injured muscle, and regenerates skeletal muscle via macrophage and satellite cell activation. Sci Rep. 2018 Jan 22;8(1):1288. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-19670-x. PMID: 29358697; PMCID: PMC5778072.

HBOT and muscle recovery

When you work out, your muscles become deoxygenated and fill with lactic acid. Because HBOT helps your blood carry higher levels of oxygen to your muscles, they can return to full strength faster—which proves useful to those who want to recover quickly and maximize performance.

Chen CY, Chou WY, Ko JY, Lee MS, Wu RW. Early Recovery of Exercise-Related Muscular Injury by HBOT. Biomed Res Int. 2019 May 29;2019:6289380. doi: 10.1155/2019/6289380. PMID: 31275980; PMCID: PMC6560326.

Reduction of Bruising

Yamamoto N, Oyaizu T, Yagishita K, Enomoto M, Horie M, Okawa A. Multiple and early hyperbaric oxygen treatments enhance muscle healing after muscle contusion injury: a pilot study. Undersea Hyperb Med. 2021 Third Quarter;48(3):227-238. PMID: 34390627.

In conclusion, hyperbaric oxygen treatment increases the myoblast growth rate and myogenin and actin production. Better histologic and physiologic performance were found after hyperbaric oxygen treatment in the animal contusion model.

Chiu CH, Chang SS, Chang GJ, Chen AC, Cheng CY, Chen SC, Chan YS. The Effect of Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment on Myoblasts and Muscles After Contusion Injury. J Orthop Res. 2020 Feb;38(2):329-335. doi: 10.1002/jor.24478. Epub 2019 Oct 6. PMID: 31531986.

Crush Injury Treatment

HBO2 is woefully neglected as an adjunct for managing crush injury and SMCS. Strong arguments exist for its use based on evidenced-based information and how HBO2 mitigates the pathology of these conditions.

Strauss MB. The effect of hyperbaric oxygen in crush injuries and skeletal muscle-compartment syndromes. Undersea Hyperb Med. 2012 Jul-Aug;39(4):847-55. PMID: 22908841.

ADDITIONAL READING

HBOT and Aging

Tessema B., Sack U., Serebrovska et al: Effects of Hyperoxia on Aging Biomarkers: A Systematic Review. Front Aging (2022); Volume 2. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fragi.2021.783144/full

https://neurosciencenews.com/aging-reverse-hyperbaric-oxygen-17295/

HBOT and Depression

https://www.mdpi.com/1424-8247/14/6/595

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0303846720302535

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0306987720332898

HBOT and Neurocognition

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-022-15565-0

HBOT and Children

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-022-19395-y

HBOT and Diabetes

https://diabetesjournals.org/care/article/33/5/998/26983/Hyperbaric-Oxygen-Therapy-Facilitates-Healing-of

https://www.jpgmonline.com/article.asp?issn=0022-3859;year=1992;volume=38;issue=3;spage=112;epage=114;aulast=doctor

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jdr/2013/567834/

Frequently Asked Questions

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What is Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT)

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is an evidence-based medical treatment demonstrated to speed up healing and reduce the severity of wounds and infections in less time – among patients who complete the treatment recommended by their physicians, the rate of healing ranges is greater than 85 percent.

A little HBOT is not enough…

The benefits of HBOT is not a gradual progression you reach from low atmospheric levels of up to 1.5 ATM found in home devices or gyms. Simply, these will do you no good, and may cause medical harm to the lungs. At atmospheric pressures of between 2.0-2.4 ATM is needed to produce the beneficial effects of HBOT. Casa Privée’s State of the Art Professional HBOT chambers are calibrated to provide you with the true and full benefits of hyperbaric treatment.

What are the effects of HBOT on healing?

In HBOT, the patient breathes 100% oxygen under pressure in a pressurized chamber. We normally only breathe 21% oxygen in our atmosphere. The oxygen is pushed into the plasma, lymphatics, distal tissue, and it creates the bodies capabilities to create angiogenesis which is the formation of new blood vessels which in turn bring more blood and healing factors to an idea that is hypoxic which has miraculous effects on healing.

What kind of health conditions can HBOT treat?

HBOT is used to treat many different health conditions including:

  • Post-surgery wounds
  • Injury from crushing
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning
  • Cyanide poisoning
  • Gas gangrene, a form of gangrene in which gas collects in tissues
  • Decompression sickness
  • Sudden or traumatic inadequate blood flow in the arteries
  • Select wound healing
  • Skin grafts and flaps
  • Infection in a bone called osteomyelitis
  • Delayed radiation injury
  • Flesh-eating disease called necrotizing bacterial soft tissue infections
  • Air or gas bubble trapped in a blood vessel. This is known as an air or gas embolism.
  • Long-term (chronic) infection called actinomycosis
  • Diabetic wounds that are not healing properly

What are the benefits on HBOT on preventing and reversing aging

A new study indicates that hyperbaric oxygen treatments (HBOT) in healthy aging adults can stop the aging of blood cells and reverse the aging process. In the biological sense, the adults’ blood cells actually grow younger as the treatments progress.

How long is each session and what is recommended?

HBOT sessions last one to two hours and are generally scheduled once a day, five days a week. Your doctor may prescribe 30 or more treatments before the therapy is complete. How many treatments you have is often dependent on how quickly your condition improves. Many patients see great results with one treatment per day for five days, up to 20-40 treatments total.

Should I sleep in a hyperbaric chamber?

No, you don’t have to spend a full night sleeping in a hyperbaric chamber. Some athletes and celebrities have reported sleeping full nights in a hyperbaric chamber. But to see the benefits of HBO therapy, you only need around 2 hours at an absolute atmosphere (ATA) of 1-5 – 2.0 to 2.0 – 2.4

What are some safety precautions?

Metal can not be taken into the chamber (internal metal like pacemakers, joint replacements, etc. are ok) Remove the following just before entering the chamber:

  • Dentures, or partial plates, all jewelry and other personal items.
  • Hairspray, makeup, perfume and aftershave should not be worn.
  • Do not bring flammable substances. Oxygen is highly flammable. No cigarettes, matches, cigarette lighters or other flammable substances may be brought inside the chamber, or electronics.
  • 100% cotton only within the chamber.

What are some complications?

Although rare, if you stay in the chamber too long: Fluid buildup or bursting (rupture) of the middle ear. Sinus damage. Changes in vision- causing nearsightedness or myopia. Oxygen poisoning- which can cause lung failure, fluid in the lungs, or seizures. Complications – Barotrauma is a term that refers to injury due to increased pressure. Barotrauma of the ear is the most frequent complication of HBO. The middle-ear is an air-filled cavity behind the ear drum that connects to the throat through a slit-like passage called the eustachian tube.

Where can I find some scientific articles?

HBOT preventing and reducing injury

The potential benefits for sports injuries appear to be a blunting of initial injury, possibly by controlling the neutrophil adhesion and release of oxygen free radicals as well as an enhancement of healing processes requiring oxygen-like collagen formation phagocytosis.

Staples J, Clement D. Hyperbaric oxygen chambers and the treatment of sports injuries. Sports Med. 1996 Oct;22(4):219-27. doi: 10.2165/00007256-199622040-00002. PMID: 8898456.

HBOT helping to recovery from knee injuries.  Very good review of possible effects of HBOT.

Here, we review important mechanisms of action for HBOT-induced healing including the induction of angiogenesis, modulation of inflammation and extracellular matrix components, and activation of parenchyma cells—key events to restore knee function after injury.

Leite CBG, Tavares LP, Leite MS, Demange MK. Revisiting the role of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in knee injuries: Potential benefits and mechanisms. J Cell Physiol. 2023 Jan 17. doi: 10.1002/jcp.30947. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36649313.

HBOT and the immune system.  There is some modern thought that the satellite cell activation is going to be key to understand many of HBOT effects.  There are many preventative effects of HBOT listed in manuscript.

Oyaizu T, Enomoto M, Yamamoto N, Tsuji K, Horie M, Muneta T, Sekiya I, Okawa A, Yagishita K. Hyperbaric oxygen reduces inflammation, oxygenates injured muscle, and regenerates skeletal muscle via macrophage and satellite cell activation. Sci Rep. 2018 Jan 22;8(1):1288. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-19670-x. PMID: 29358697; PMCID: PMC5778072.

HBOT and muscle recovery

When you work out, your muscles become deoxygenated and fill with lactic acid. Because HBOT helps your blood carry higher levels of oxygen to your muscles, they can return to full strength faster—which proves useful to those who want to recover quickly and maximize performance.

Chen CY, Chou WY, Ko JY, Lee MS, Wu RW. Early Recovery of Exercise-Related Muscular Injury by HBOT. Biomed Res Int. 2019 May 29;2019:6289380. doi: 10.1155/2019/6289380. PMID: 31275980; PMCID: PMC6560326.

Reduction of Bruising

Yamamoto N, Oyaizu T, Yagishita K, Enomoto M, Horie M, Okawa A. Multiple and early hyperbaric oxygen treatments enhance muscle healing after muscle contusion injury: a pilot study. Undersea Hyperb Med. 2021 Third Quarter;48(3):227-238. PMID: 34390627.

In conclusion, hyperbaric oxygen treatment increases the myoblast growth rate and myogenin and actin production. Better histologic and physiologic performance were found after hyperbaric oxygen treatment in animal contusion model.

Chiu CH, Chang SS, Chang GJ, Chen AC, Cheng CY, Chen SC, Chan YS. The Effect of Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment on Myoblasts and Muscles After Contusion Injury. J Orthop Res. 2020 Feb;38(2):329-335. doi: 10.1002/jor.24478. Epub 2019 Oct 6. PMID: 31531986.

Crush Injury Treatment

HBO2 is woefully neglected as an adjunct for managing crush injury and SMCS. Strong arguments exist for its use based on evidenced-based information and how HBO2 mitigates the pathology of these conditions.

Strauss MB. The effect of hyperbaric oxygen in crush injuries and skeletal muscle-compartment syndromes. Undersea Hyperb Med. 2012 Jul-Aug;39(4):847-55. PMID: 22908841.

ADDITIONAL READING

HBOT and Aging

Tessema B., Sack U., Serebrovska et al: Effects of Hyperoxia on Aging Biomarkers: A Systematic Review. Front Aging (2022); Volume 2. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fragi.2021.783144/full

https://neurosciencenews.com/aging-reverse-hyperbaric-oxygen-17295/

HBOT and Depression

https://www.mdpi.com/1424-8247/14/6/595

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0303846720302535

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0306987720332898

HBOT and Neurocognition

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-022-15565-0

HBOT and Children

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-022-19395-y

HBOT and Diabetes

https://diabetesjournals.org/care/article/33/5/998/26983/Hyperbaric-Oxygen-Therapy-Facilitates-Healing-of

https://www.jpgmonline.com/article.asp?issn=0022-3859;year=1992;volume=38;issue=3;spage=112;epage=114;aulast=doctor

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jdr/2013/567834/